Jena is a university city in central Germany on the river Saale. It has a population of approx. 103,000 and is the second largest city in the federal state of Thuringia. Located in the heart of Europe, the region has experienced and created many central events in European history, from the Christian missionisation of central Europe to the Reformation, the Napoleonic Wars, and the terror and violence of the twentieth century.
Jena, the city in which Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel declared the basis of science to be the “pure recognition of the self in absolute otherness”, is a university city with a broad profile in the humanities and social sciences. The university was established in 1558 and is counted among the ten oldest universities in Germany. In 1934, the university was renamed after the writer Friedrich Schiller who was teaching as professor of history, when Jena attracted some of the most influential minds at the turn of the 19th century and stood at the centre of the emergence of German idealism and early Romanticism.
(text partly ‘borrowed’ from Wikipedia)